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Prunus dulcis var. dulcis
Although nowadays almonds are cultivated in many countries all over the world, the hardy almond trees has its origins in China. The seeds are covered in a solid endocarp, surrounded by a fruit that resembles a small peach with a soft peel. Almonds are used for the production of marzipan, but can also be used in many dishes or be eaten as a snack. In the Asian kitchen almonds are roasted and used to bind sauces. They are very rich in calcium, vitamin B and E, and oil. Almond oil is supposedly good for the skin, and is therefore a common ingredient of soaps and cremes.
The almond tree flowers abundantly during the spring, with pink/white flowers that attract a lot of insects. If the flowers are more white than pink, the almonds will be sweeter. In august and september, the fruits burst open and the almonds fall on the ground. The tree can grow to a maximum of 7 meters, but can also be pruned. A sunny stand is ideal for the plant.
Sand the seeds with sanding paper or carefully notch the seeds with a sharp knife. Soak the seeds for 48 hours in lukewarm water, after which they can be sown in sowing mix. Put the seeds away for 2-3 months in the fridge, and keep the soil constantly moist during this period. Let the seeds germinate at a temperature of 25 degC. Germination may take a few months.
November – may
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